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Color Lesson 4


2nd Grade






Reinforce the concepts of primary and secondary colors. Have the children observe, then chart the results of their observations.


Materials for the teacher 3 containers of brightly colored water (yellow, red, blue); 3 eye droppers Transparency; overhead projector Large Data Chart, modeled on Student Data Sheet attached Paper towels; white and lined paper; sponge Materials for each student 1 4" x 5" piece of clear acetate transparency; 3 eye droppers labeled yellow, red, blue 2-3 pieces of white paper; 2-3 toothpicks; 1 copy of Data Sheet #1, attached 4 small plastic cups; 2-3 white paper towels; crayons For each group: 1 "dumper" (bottom of half-gallon milk carton); tray to hold dumper and colors


Demonstration Ask if anyone remembers what the three primary colors are and what makes them primary colors (red, yellow, and blue; primary, the first and most basic). Remind them of the demonstration that you did in the glass containers of water (Lesson 2) and ask what colors resulted (secondary colors: green, orange, purple). Ask students to watch carefully as you place a transparency on the overhead projector. Place a drop of blue water on the transparency. Then, using a different dropper, place a drop of yellow water very close to the blue water. Have students identify the colors. Ask what they think would happen if you mixed the colors (produce green) and ask them to explain the reasoning behind their guesses. Use a toothpick to mix the colors. Ask the students to identify the new color. Demonstrate on the large chart how to use crayons to record the results of the mixing. Explain the meaning of the + and = signs. Student Procedure Give out supplies (excepting colored water) and review procedures. Emphasize that it is important to use only one drop of colored water each time and that droppers for each color must be kept separate. Have students review the procedure, then distribute colored water. Have each student place an acetate sheet on top of the white paper, select a color, and place a drop of it on the transparency. Then have the student add another drop and mix the two with a toothpick. Have students use data sheets and crayons to record the results of mixing the colors. Have the students experiment in the same way with two more colors until six combinations have been tried. Be sure they have recorded their results on their data sheets. Have the children use white paper towels to soak up the colors on their acetates, observing what happens as the liquid moves into the towel. Finally, tell them that when painters like Matisse created their paintings, they worked BCP DRAFT ART 8 First Grade - Visual Arts - Lesson 4 - Color with a large palette (piece of wood, curved to fit the hand--sketch shape on board) or a piece of wood or glass on which they mixed individual colors with a spatula (sketch shape on board and differentiate from cooking spatula) or brush. Tell them that when colors are further mixed to produce tiny changes and differences, those tiny differences in color are called shades. Ask whether they remember all the different shades of red they saw in the Matisse painting (Lesson 1) of the room with all the wonderful designs on the rugs, tablecloth, and screen. You might show the painting again so they can take another good look.